"Journey to the House of Homo erectus"
The cave was discovered by Philip Chantzaridis on May 10th , 1959 and became known for its paleontological and paleoanthropological findings since 1960, after the incidentally discovery in the cave by the resident of Petralona Ch. Sarigiannidou, the famous petrified human skull. The value of the finding and its uniqueness was the reason to begin a series of activities in and out of the cave. The stone and bone findings are very important and are the first evidence of habitation in Greek geographical space.
From an anthropological point of view the petrified skull (Petralona 1) is a very important finding and is regarded as belonging to a man who lived about 700,000 years ago. The Petralona 1 has the face of a Neanderthal but the skull seems to be a more ancient type. Initially, the Petralona 1 was classified as Homo neandertalensis, but later redefined as Homo erectus. Today, however, most researchers agree that it belongs to the species of petrifactions which was found in Atapuerca and in other places in Europe, Homo heidelbergensis.
9:00 Departure from Thessaloniki
9:45 Arrival at Petralona
11:00 Departure from Petralona
11:45 Arrival at Thessaloniki